Gliocladium is an asexual fungus in Hypocreaceae. Some species of this genus, including the fungus G. virens, have recently been transferred to the genus Trichoderma, and G. roseum today is Clonostachys rosea f. It is called rosea and is located in Bionectriaceae. Gliocladium is a mitosporic filamentous fungus. Its species rarely have a sexual state.
Most pathogenic fungi in humans are mitosporic, such as this genus. This microorganism is a filamentous fungus that grows tubular, elongated, and thread-like. It can also be seen as a contamination in the laboratory and industrial cultures.Gliocladium species can have pathogenic potential, although they are not considered to be pathogens in humans and animals. Gliotoxin is a metabolite of G. deliquescent (now called Trichoderma). The importance of gliotoxin has not yet been determined.
Gliocladium species grow worldwide in soil and decaying organic matter. Some species are parasites of other fungi. This microorganism is found all over the world and is classified as an RG-1 organism. It is unlikely that this microorganism can cause disease in humans or animals. This statement was evaluated by the American Biological Safety Association based on the criteria for classifying infectious microorganisms by the risk group.
Most species of Gliocladium grow rapidly in cotton-like colonies and fill a petri dish completely within 1 week. Its colony was initially white and cream-like but may turn red or green with age and spores.
From a microscopic point of view, the species of Gliocladium have hypha, conidiophores, and conidia on colorless phialides. Conidiophores are smooth, dense, and have a brush-like structure that produces tapering, slimy phialides. Gliocladium can produce capillaries that are branched and vertical, similar to the genus Verticillium, Trichoderma, and Penicillium. The cone layer is enclosed. This feature is the opposite of dry conidia, which are produced in continuous chains and identify members of the genus Penicillium.